Sperm culture is a method of diagnosing genital infections in men, especially blenorrhea, which affects their fertility. It involves analyzing the sperm collected in order to detect bacteria that may make the sperm unusable for the baby's conception. Once the diagnosis is established, the doctor prescribes antibiotics to treat the present infection and restore fertility.

Why is it called sperm culture?

When a man presents to the doctor with a diagnosis of infertility, the doctor uses special tests to identify all the possible causes that can lead to this condition. Some of them are genital infections, which can be best identified by sperm culture.
Sperm culture is a procedure required especially for patients suspected of blenorrhage or gonorrhea, for the detection of gonococcus, the germ that causes the disease. Blenorrhea (gonorrhea) is a highly contagious venereal disease that is part of the picture of sexually transmitted diseases.
But sperm culture is also made for the detection of other germs or microbes that affect and alter the quality of sperm. Men who have abnormal results in semen analysis within the spermogram are directed to other tests and analyzes that have the role of analyzing more closely the problems they face. One of them is sperm culture. In general, the analysis is recommended in case of suspected genital infections.


How is sperm culture done?

Sperm culture involves collecting a semen sample and analyzing it in the laboratory. The most used method of harvesting is masturbation, that is, self-stimulation and ejaculation of semen in a sterile container, called a urocultivator. It is important to collect the entire amount of ejaculated sperm, and not just part of it.
Before harvesting begins, patients should do their local hygiene with soap and water and then wipe them gently by tamping with sterile compresses.
The semen sample can be collected at the office or at home, but it is important to remember that it must be brought to the laboratory at the latest one hour after the emission. If the domicile is in a remote area, it is more appropriate that the harvesting take place at the medical office.
The specialist analyzes the sperm sample and detects bacteria or germs that can cause the infection. After obtaining the results, the doctor may recommend performing an antibiogram, to establish the most appropriate type of antibiotic to kill the bacterium causing infections.
The doctor may recommend a repeat of the sperm culture after the end of treatment, to see if it was effective and whether or not there are traces of the infection.
However, physicians are reserved in making statements about how bacterial infection affects fertility in men. There is no scientific evidence, but infections are thought to influence fertility and may be a barrier to conception. In addition, for optimal functioning of the reproductive system, but also to increase the chances of conceiving, it is advisable to treat these infections, which can degenerate into serious complications.

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