Toxic shock syndrome is a serious complication caused by a bacterial infection. It is quite rare, but it can seriously threaten life. This syndrome occurs especially in menstruating women, but men or children or menopausal women can also be affected. Learn to recognize the signs of the syndrome to protect your life and your family!
What are the causes of toxic shock syndrome?
It therefore appears as a result of the complication of a bacterial infection. It often occurs due to toxins produced by golden staphylococcus, but the disease can also be produced by toxins produced by group A streptococcal bacteria.
Toxic shock syndrome can occur in anyone. It has often been associated with:
- use of tampons;
- use of the diaphragm or intrauterine contraceptive devices, etc.
Specialists have associated this condition with the use of tampons, but I do not know what triggers the toxic shock. Some of them believe that internal buffers are left indoors for too long and this creates an environment conducive to the development of bacterial infections. Others claim that they contain fibers that can scratch the surface of the vagina, allowing their bacteria or toxins to enter the bloodstream.
For this reason, the specialists argue that the syndrome occurs mainly when women are menstruating or are just finishing menstruation or when they have open lesions, which are susceptible to infections.
There are other risk factors that can cause the syndrome:
- in children, varicella can cause an outbreak of streptococcal infection that predisposes to this syndrome;
- recent birth;
- vaginal irritation and inflammation;
- personal history of toxic shock syndrome;
- surgical abortion;
- muscle infections;
- respiratory infections etc.
What are the symptoms of toxic shock syndrome?
The manifestations of this complication include:
- sudden onset with high fever;
- hypotension (low blood pressure);
- vomiting or diarrhea;
- skin irritations similar to sunburn (especially on the palms and soles);
- muscle pain;
- redness in the eyes, mouth and throat;
- convulsions etc.
Go to your doctor immediately if you have symptoms of toxic shock. You may be present at an emergency if your symptoms are severe or you can go to your family doctor, gynecologist, pediatrician, internal medicine doctor, etc. The condition should be treated quickly, because it progresses rapidly and there is a very high risk of mortality.
How is toxic shock syndrome treated?
If your doctor detects that you are suffering from this syndrome, he will most likely be hospitalized and given antibiotics. In the meantime, doctors are conducting a series of tests in an attempt to detect the source of the infection. They will also try to treat the symptoms that appear when the symptom starts.
For example, if you suffer from hypotension, they will give you medications to try to stabilize it and fluids to treat dehydration. Toxins produced by staphylococcal or streptococcal bacteria that accompany hypotension can lead to kidney failure. If this problem occurs, then dialysis may be necessary.
Can toxic shock syndrome be prevented?
The syndrome can be prevented by acting on the causes and factors that determine its occurrence. For example, this can be avoided if you regularly change the tampons during menstruation, at most 4 hours.
You can try to replace the internal pads with absorbents or at least you can alternate them to avoid infections. Avoid using internal pads when menstruation begins to decrease (in the last days of menstruation), it is best to use daily mini-absorbents.
Toxic shock syndrome can recur.
If you do it once there are very high chances that it will recur at some point. It is also advisable to never use internal pads if you have this syndrome.
Tags Menstruation Bacterial Infections Streptococcal Infections Staphylococcal Infections Women Health Caused Abortion