Short

Injectable contraceptives

Injectable contraceptives

Injectable contraceptives have begun to become a method of pregnancy prevention increasingly used by women. They have a high efficiency rate, up to 99% and do not require daily administration. They are hormone injections that stop ovulation and prevent the onset of pregnancy. However, this method does not protect against BTS!

What are injectable contraceptives?

These are characterized by injections full of hormones, which have the role of preventing the release of eggs from the ovaries, ie ovulation. They are a practical alternative to oral contraceptives. There are 2 types:

  • containing 1 hormone (progestin - similar to the natural progesterone in the body of the woman);
  • which contain 2 hormones (both estrogen and progestogen).

How effective is this method?

The efficacy rate of injectable contraceptives is very high, over 99%, which means that out of 100 women who use the method in one year, almost 1 will become pregnant. It is one of the most effective contraceptive methods available. However, the efficiency rate decreases if you do not carefully follow the doctor's instructions.

You have to come back constantly to get your injection, on the set date, for the efficiency to be maximum. Experts argue that most of the tasks that occur during the use of this method are caused by failure to perform the injections in time. There are also some drugs that can interfere with the effectiveness of the method. Don't forget to ask your doctor or nurse for a detailed list of such examples to avoid or replace with something else, or to use an additional method of protection at that time.

What are the benefits of injectable contraceptives?

They can be given either one month or three months and require only a single injection, most often in the thigh. In the case of this method of protection you no longer have to take the daily pill at the same time, which is an advantage for those who could not meet their schedule. Also, sex can occur spontaneously anywhere, anytime without any inconvenience such as condom or the need to insert the diaphragm or spermicides.

Most women consider this to be a great advantage, because you can maintain sexual intercourse without worrying about condom breakage or failure of other less effective methods. In addition, physicians have reported beneficial effects regarding premenstrual syndrome, reduction of menstrual abundance and relief of abdominal pain or cramps specific to this period. Women suffering from endometriosis may see an improvement in symptoms.

Research has also shown a positive role in reducing the risk of cancer of the uterine mucosa, as well as the prevention of uterine fibrosis. Prophylactic effect also has against pelvic inflammatory diseases and anemia (due to iron deficiency). Another good news is that if you become pregnant while using this method, there is no risk of congenital malformations or otherwise in the fetus and no spontaneous abortion or pregnancy loss.

What are the side effects?

As effective as they are, they are not without side effects. The most notable effect is the disturbance of the menstrual cycle or the frequency of menstruation. Other side effects include:

  • menorrhagia (abundant bleeding);
  • prolonged menstruation;
  • oligomenorrhea;
  • low sexual appetite;
  • headache;
  • abdominal discomfort (bloating, cramping);
  • dizziness;
  • weight gain;
  • breast sensitivity;
  • fertility problems arising from the cessation of injections (however, there is no evidence that there are long-term side effects on fertility).

Are there contraindications to this contraceptive measure?

  • women suffering from abnormal vaginal bleeding (possible disorders still diagnosed);
  • those with migraines;
  • those suffering from liver disorders;
  • women with a history of thrombosis, etc.

Tags Contraception methods Sex life Abundant menstruation