Communication problems in children often occur in the first years of life. Some are easily corrected and disappear by themselves as the child grows, others persist and may affect the quality of life and development of the child. They require the call to speech therapists or speech specialists to help them overcome these communication barriers.
When they are babies, they communicate through behavior. Starting at almost 1 year old, children begin to use words to express themselves. However, even before this age they understand what others are saying. Some of them develop language easier than others, while some develop communication problems.
What are the communication problems and what are they according to the age?
These occur when a child has difficulty with:
- saying the words (cannot speak the words correctly or clearly);
- fluent speech (hesitates when linking words or stumbling);
- proper use of words and grammar;
- understanding of what others are saying.
Some children fail to speak earlier of the 2nd anniversary, and before that, they communicate through behavior, signs and gestures.
Children between 1 and 2 years
Between 15 and 18 months your baby should start to enjoy and explore the language and be able to identify certain things when asked, such as when asking "where is your ear", "where is mom" etc. . The most common communication problems in babies who are just learning to speak are:
- speaking less than 15 words up to 18 months;
- weight in joining 2 words to form a sentence until the age of 2 years;
- inability to follow simple instructions for up to 2 years.
Children between 2 and 3 years
Between 2 and 3 anisors the children experience an extremely rapid development and growth and the language does not remain consistent with this chapter. Up to 2 years, most children can easily follow instructions ("come to dads", "where is the bear") and speak from 50 to 200 words. They also begin to reproduce certain words they hear frequently around them and combine the words into sentences. The typical vocabulary of a 3-year-old child is 200-300 words. They are already beginning to use language as freely as possible in sentences and sentences, but they still understand more than they can express. The most common communication problems every 2-3 years are:
- hearing problems;
- problems following instructions;
- poorly developed vocabulary;
- inability to create simple sentences;
- blurry speech and no influence.
There may be problems such as stuttering or pelvic speech, which usually self-correct as they age, and if they start to become a problem, they need to visit the speech therapist to correct them.
How can you help children overcome communication problems and develop language?
When they are babies, they listen to everything you say and as you repeat the same things, he will retain them and at one point he will faithfully reproduce them. It is essential to talk and communicate with him all the time, ever since he is in the tummy and more and more after birth. Then, as it grows, it is important to try to learn the correct names and words. Avoid talking to him in baby language, with diminutives and distortions of terms and teach him the names of certain products, things or objects correctly. They communicate through gestures at this age. So when he wants something to drink he could point his finger at the bottle or at the fridge. Challenge him to think by asking if he wants a drink and what kind of drink he wants: tea, milk or water.
From 15 months onwards you can already cause him to show you objects, bring you toys, say words etc. As long as you read them frequently, sing them, play word games with him, you will help him develop his vocabulary and speech. If you think your baby is not speaking properly or has great difficulty in speaking or uttering words, you should go to the doctor for further investigation.
It is important to test your hearing and vision, to exclude from the possible causes underlying the problems of child-rearing. Encourages meetings between children of the same age - in the park, at various courses, in kindergarten, etc. They are beneficial for the development of the child's speech and communication. If communication problems do not disappear, loggoped visit is essential. It will help you through specific methods to overcome the problems you are facing.
Tags Communication problems children Language development children Speech children age Wrong pronunciation words