Difficulty breathing in babies (dyspnea)

Difficulty breathing in babies (dyspnea)

Any type of difficulty in breathing the child is a cause for concern for the parents. Because babies cannot speak and express that they have such problems, the risk of suffocation and even death is extremely high. Learn how to identify breathing difficulties or dyspnoea in babies and what to do to help!

Normal breathing in babies

Babies breathe much faster than adults, so you don't have to be impatient if you think you have a heavy breathing. For example, a newborn has a respiration rate somewhere up to 40 breaths per minute. It slows down to 20 to 40 when babies sleep.

However, babies breathe differently. Their breathing should not be constant and shaken. They can breathe at a certain time faster and faster and then stop breathing for about 10 seconds and then breathe again.

Difficulty breathing in babies

A baby who breathes fast and constantly means that he has problems.

Breathing that stops longer than 10 seconds (called apnea) can be a serious problem.

Dyspnea, another condition that the baby may suffer, is in fact the totality of the changes in intensity, frequency and rhythm of breathing. All these are also called breathing difficulties and mean the same thing with dyspnoea.

Causes of breathing difficulties

The causes of breathing difficulties can be multiple, from various allergies, colds, flu, nasal congestion to asthma, pneumonia or other infections and diseases of the respiratory system.

Also, swallowing objects or drying them with food or with their own saliva can be the basis of the impossibility of normal breathing of the baby.

Signs that indicate difficulty breathing in babies

Because the child cannot ask for help when suffering from these breathing crises or other problems, you must follow the signs that show this. Some of these may be:

  • rapid and irregular breathing (this means that the baby breathes about 60 times per minute; this rate of breathing can occur when he cries or is agitated, but not when he is calm);

  • has pauses in breathing for more than 10 seconds;

  • you can see that when the child tries to inhale his nostrils expand;

  • groans - sounds made by babies who have difficulty breathing; they arise from his not very successful attempts to keep the air in the lungs to increase the oxygen level; another sound might be a sigh or sigh that you can sense when the baby is expiring;

  • cyanosis - it appears that the baby does not receive enough air, the skin begins to turn blue, especially on the lips and around the mouth;

  • Occasionally, persistent coughing may occur when the child has difficulty breathing;

  • altered general condition of the child, a rather mild condition.

What should you do?

You must learn to check the breathing of your newborn or baby, to see if your baby is breathing properly. However, even if you think the check is okay, but you have suspicions about some of the possible symptoms listed above, then it is essential to take the child to a doctor immediately. Babies' breathing problems can quickly endanger their lives, which is why it is essential to act quickly, calling for rescue or going to the first emergency hospital nearby.

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