Strabismus in children

Strabismus in children

Strabismus in children should not worry parents as long as it is corrected after the first months of life. When the child is very young, his eyes generally tend to deviate, due to the lack of maturity of the ocular muscles. If, however, after 4 months of age, your child looks crossed and his eyes seem to be shaking, it could be a congenital imbalance of the ocular muscles.

The causes of the appearance of strabismus in infants and children

Between 3 and 6 months, the baby learns to coordinate his eye movements, managing to focus both eyes on the same object at the same time. If you notice that your 6-month-old baby has an eye leaking into your nose, it is best not to let the time pass and introduce yourself to the little one at the doctor.

You may suffer from convergent strabismus, which is later difficult to correct.

The most prone to this type of strabismus are premature, low birth weight children or those who have suffered hypoxia at birth (lack of oxygenation of the brain). Risk factors are also smoking or alcohol consumption during pregnancy. If you have a history of severe vision disorders in the family, you can expect this defect to also occur in your child.

When the child looks only with one eye, the other being permanently deviated, it is amblyopia. This can be caused by an impairment of the lens or the cornea, a condition that prevents light from entering the eye, myopia or hyperopia in one eye. In the absence of binocular vision, the amblyopic child does not have three-dimensional perception. This should be investigated and treated immediately, otherwise, over time, the sight of the stray, unused eye may be lost.

If you are worried about looking at your baby, it is best to seek immediate advice from the pediatrician, who will send you to the ophthalmologist if you notice any abnormalities.

Treatbad strabismus in children

The good news is that strabismus can be cured. Congenital strabismus is operable until the age of 2 years. When more muscles are affected, more operations may be needed to get the correct eye position. Even after the operation, the child should be subjected to periodic checks; to get optimal results, it takes a lot of patience and care from the parents.

Amblyopia is a difficult condition to treat. Obtaining binocular vision in children requires time and rigorous treatment. Often, amblyopia is not observed until late in children 6-10 years old. The child does not realize that he only sees with one eye, the brain ignoring the images from the level of the affected eye. But if you see that the little one is crying when one eye is covered, does not fix the same point with both eyes or turns his head to the side to look at something, you can think of strabismus.

Without panicking, seek the advice of a specialist to make sure you provide the best care for your child. If it is a big child, the doctor will ask you to identify different pictures or letters on a wall. Other tests, based on pupil dilation, can determine the correct functioning of the eyeball. The sooner the amblyopia is diagnosed, the better the chances that the child will regain binocular vision.

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