Usually, a newborn is fed only with breast milk. That's because it contains all the nutrients your baby needs for healthy growth. However, after several months, the baby begins to receive various types of food, besides milk. But the baby is not yet sufficiently developed and therefore some foods should not be part of its diet.
There are a number of reasons why certain foods should be introduced later in the baby's diet: insufficient levels of nutrients, allergic reactions, risk of suffocation, etc. However, there are foods that do not fit into any of these categories, but should not be added to the baby's diet (eg salt and sugar).
As your baby grows up he will be more willing to try the food on your plate and you will want to diversify his diet. But if you or your spouse are sensitive to certain foods or allergic to certain products, you should pay close attention to the foods you introduce into the baby's menu.
Food in development stages
In the case of newborns up to 4 - 6 months, the menu should consist only of breast milk or milk powder. presents some of the foods that can cause problems and when it is good to introduce them into the nutrition of your child.
• Whole milk of cow or goat - Lactose and milk proteins can cause allergic reactions and stomach problems being more difficult to digest. Yogurt and cheese are the exception to this rule. Cow's or goat's milk does not have all the nutrients the baby needs and contains minerals in amounts that could damage the kidneys. Milk also prevents the absorption of iron, which is essential in the baby's first year of life. It can be offered to babies after they are full 12 months.
• Skimmed milk - Your baby needs all the fat and calories in milk to grow and grow. Once completed two years and it does not have any growth problems, you can start offering milk with a lower fat content.
• Citrus or acid fruits and vegetables - just because a fruit or vegetable, such as tomato, is not part of the citrus family, does not mean that it is not acidic.
It is not an allergen, but it can cause hives or digestive problems due to acidity. Using a little lemon juice or pineapple juice in fruit puree is not the same as giving the baby puree or slices of orange or pineapple. They can be given to babies after they are full 12 months.
• The egg white - your baby may eat egg yolk at first, but wait until after a year for protein rich albumin as it can cause allergic reactions. In fact, if your baby is at high risk for allergies, it will be better for egg whites to enter his menu only after two years. Eggs should only be fed to a sensitive baby after one year of age. These increase the risk of developing an allergy.
• honey - certain substances in its composition can cause botulism. The intestinal tract of an adult is able to prevent the development of these substances, but in the case of babies they can develop producing dangerous toxins. Wait till after a year.
• Peanut butter - Peanuts are products with increased possibilities to develop allergies. Therefore, it is best to be introduced to the baby's diet only after a year. If you or your child's father has an peanut allergy, it is best to wait until the child turns three. Another reason why it is good to delay the introduction of peanut butter into the baby's menu is its sticky consistency which can make swallowing difficult for a young child, which can even cause drowning. The best form you can offer it is spread on bread.
• Wheat or products containing wheat - Many consider that, in the case of babies who have never had a gluten intolerance or an allergy to wheat, after 8 months it is okay to give the baby wheat products. But wheat is the most popular allergenic product among cereals. Therefore, it is recommended that wheat and wheat products be offered after nine - ten months or so one year.
• Shells or snails - because they are strong allergens it is best to be introduced to the baby's diet only after the first year. Postpone for three - four years if you suspect it is prone to allergies.
• walnuts - if you suspect your baby is exposed to allergies, it would be good to wait until after three - four years to give her nuts. It is possible to support them after a year spent in puree or butter. Whole walnuts or large pieces of walnuts increase the risk of drowning.
• Other possible allergens - If you suspect that your baby may be prone to allergies due to your or your partner's sensitivities, it may be best to delay the introduction into nutrition and other foods - such as corn, soy, chocolate or anything else you may be allergic to - until after a year. Depending on the severity of your allergy and other factors, you may need to wait even longer. You will make this decision best with your pediatrician.
• Large pieces of food - the safest are the pieces of food the size of a pea grain. With these you are sure that they will not get stuck in the baby's throat by drowning him. Vegetables such as carrots, celery or green beans should be finely chopped or cooked because they soften. Grapes, melons, meat, cheese, all need to be chopped very well before being given to the baby until three years.
Signs of allergies
If the baby vomits, has diarrhea, hives, swelling, abdominal pain, cough, is irritable, itchy, runny nose, shortness of breath, intestinal gas or it is time to ask yourself some question marks. Symptoms usually appear only a few hours after the food has been consumed. Call your doctor immediately if you think your baby has an allergic reaction to a food.
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