The skin performs many functions for our body, including regulating body temperature and protecting it against external factors.
In the months before birth, the mother's womb performs these functions for the baby. But at birth, the baby's skin is preparing to take on these important functions.
At birth the skin is still developing
A child is born with fully developed skin as a barrier against the outside world. This applies only to children born at term. However, some portions of the skin are not fully developed at birth. It is possible that the sweat glands do not function as an adult. Therefore, they can be locked at any time.
Also, skin pigmentation is not always complete until the age of 6 months. Until birth we are not exposed to bacteria and infections. It is normal for the skin to be colonized by harmless bacteria in the first 6 months of life and this can affect the appearance of the skin.
Newborns' skin needs special care
According to studies, children - especially those born in the winter months - are prone to skin drying because their sweat glands are not fully developed. The forms of rash can be associated with redness, itching, hives and other possible discoloration of the skin.
How to prevent my baby's skin from drying out?
Caring for the newborn's dry skin is a daunting task for parents. However, they can ensure long-term skin health by creating a mild, allergen-free environment.
Good health of the baby's skin is achieved by avoiding perfumes, preservatives and excess washing. Especially in areas where winters are very cold, the cold outside wind and the dry heat from the house can exhaust moisture from the toughest skin - and the delicate skin of your child is extremely vulnerable.
Keep your baby's skin hydrated. Many lotions and creams are specially designed for the sensitive skin of babies. Make it a habit to apply lotion to your skin before leaving the house to prevent dryness and cracking of the skin. Pediatricians do not recommend the use of this type of product on the skin of newborns, so they wait until they are one month old.
Soap and water dries your baby's skin so don't overdo it with the bath in the winter months. When washing it, use a mild soap and warm water, not hot. Don't let him sit in the tub too long. Wrap it in a towel as soon as you remove it from the water (in the first 3 minutes after the bath) and gently wipe the skin without rubbing it. Apply a lightweight baby lotion to his skin and then coat it.
If the air in the house is very dry, put a humidifier in the child's room so that his nostrils are kept moist.
Babies are particularly sensitive to insect bites. To prevent bites, use only products specially designed for children. Ideally, in very young children, these insect removal products should be applied to clothes and not directly to the skin.
Although you will have to put in quite a lot of effort, when your baby has healthy, shiny skin you will know that every minute of effort is worth it. However, if no product helps you eliminate the problems, do not hesitate to seek the advice of a pediatrician.
At the doctor's recommendation, the short-term use of mild topical steroids, antihistamines for itching and topical non-steroidal creams may be beneficial to your baby and will help him be happier, healthier and more satisfied.
How do we treat various skin disorders of babies?
Atopic dermatitis or eczema
Atopic dermatitis is characterized by itching, irritation, redness and roughness of the skin. During this condition, the skin is dry, sensitive, easily irritated by external agents, including perfumes, wool or excessive washing.
Irritation usually occurs on the face, elbows, knees and thighs, although in more severe cases it may occur throughout the body. Eczema occurs very rarely in the diaper area, where moisture moisturizes the skin.
The best treatment for atopic dermatitis is to use a good moisturizing product - which does not contain perfume - 3 or 4 times a day. Avoid clothes made of synthetic material; Rinse the laundry thoroughly and avoid the use of conditioners after washing the baby's clothing.
Infantile seborrheic dermatitis
A dry scaly scalp is found in cases of mild seborrheic dermatitis. This condition appears on the scalp in the form of a cap. However, seborrheic dermatitis can also be located on the eyebrows, forehead, ears, chest, armpit and also in the skin formed by the skin on the arms, legs or between the buttocks. In more severe cases the itching or burning sensation may occur and the child will become agitated. This condition can be confused with severe cases of dandruff.
Conventional treatment includes the use of topical ointments several times a day, but also the use of remedies such as anti-dandruff medicinal shampoo containing selenium sulphate, charcoal or salicylic acid.
Dermatitis caused by a diaper is a red, sensitive and relief irritation that appears in the area covered by the diaper. Caused by excessive hydration of the skin, maceration, prolonged contact with urine or stool, dermatitis from the diaper can be very uncomfortable and even painful.
The best treatment is to leave the skin uncovered in contact with the air, for several minutes 3-4 times a day but also the frequent change of the diaper.
Your doctor may recommend an ointment that helps your skin no longer retain moisture. However, some forms of diaper dermatitis may be the result of allergies or sensitivity to the chemicals contained in diapers.
Tags Baby skin Seborrheic baby dermatitis