Twisted hair syndrome ("Hair tourniquet syndrome") is a rare clinical phenomenon that involves hair or other similar materials, tightly wrapped in an appendix, producing its strangulation. The condition is manifested by pain, swelling, inflammation and the appearance of wounds at the level of the suffocated appendix.
Twisted hair syndrome it can affect the baby's fingers or even the genitals. Early diagnosis and prompt treatment of the condition is vital to prevent amputation of the affected limb.
Twisted hair syndrome: an extremely rare but very dangerous condition
If you've never heard of twisted hair syndrome, is because he has not yet been reported in our country. However, there are several hundred documented cases around the world, involving hair around the extremities such as fingers, wrist, ankle, ear lobe, tongue, navel, scrotum, penis or vulva or vaginal labia. Approximately 85% of the cases reported by twisted hair syndrome involved the toes and penis.
Human hairs are extremely thin, easy to overlook and resistant to traction. They have the ability to stretch when wet and shrink or tighten as they dry. When it curls and tightens around one extremity like a toe, the hairs cause swelling of the finger and redness. Injuries can also occur, caused by the ischemic compression of the blood vessels and the fact that the hair is actually cut into the flesh. If the hair is not cut in time, it can cause finger scarring and irreparable damage to the bone, leading to amputation of the injured limb.
Causes of curly hair syndrome
Most cases involving this symptom have been reported in newborns, infants and preschoolers. According to medical observations, the accidental wrapping of a hair around a toe can occur from the first days of life, up to the age of 19 months. Penis strangulation, on the other hand, has been reported in infants aged 4 months to 6 years.
Twisted hair syndrome but it can affect all age groups. The age category with the highest degree of risk is represented by infants younger than 4 months. The reason? 90% of mothers experience excessive hair loss after birth, a phenomenon known as telogen effluvium
Twisted hair syndrome: diagnosis
It is very important to check the baby's limbs every time you change it or after you bathe it. A baby suffering from twisted hair syndrome she cries often, being very difficult to comfort.
Doctors have found that the appendix strangled by a hair is swollen and painful, the affected limb being well delimited from normal tissue. If the hair is not removed in time, it can cause loss of the function of the appendix and self-amputation.
Twisted hair syndrome: prevention methods
Here are some tips that can help you identify accidentally twisted hair around the extremities:
• Check each finger, both from the hands and feet, and remove any suspicious thread, whether it is hair or tether, to eliminate the risk of accidental strangulation.
• Inspect the baby's clothes: make sure there is no hair on them. You can use a lint brush to clean them better.
• Wash the child's clothes, separate from all other clothes. Then check everyone's clothes and clean them of any hair, to prevent the transfer on the baby's clothing.
• Turn all the baby's clothes back, before specifying them, so you can more easily identify the hairs you missed at the first inspection.
• If your baby is crying and you can't calm him down at all, it is possible to have a hair wrapped around one extremity, control both his fingers and genitals. According to statistics, boys are more at risk than girls suffering from curly hair syndrome.
Any parent wants their baby to be safe. Twisted hair syndrome it is just a potential danger that you must take into account, so that your children feel comfortable and safe.
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