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Causes of fever in children and babies

Causes of fever in children and babies

The arrival of a baby in the world is the most beautiful moment in the life of the parents, and the joy that the little one brings cannot be matched by anything else. Perhaps that is why the care of the parents is unlimited, being attentive to anything can create a discomfort to the baby. One of the quite heavy episodes is the one in which the child has a fever; its management is of the utmost importance especially for babies of only a few months.

Young children do not only get fever when they breed, but also from a variety of causes related to the environment and the changes their body goes through.

What causes fever in children and babies?

It is good to remember that fever is not a disease in itself, but a symptom of an illness (usually, when the little one has a fever, he or she announces that he or she has contacted a cold or other viral infection). When we begin treatment for fever reduction, we must consider its causes and treat the underlying condition. The causes of fever are multiple, but some of them are presented below.

Infections

Most often, the fever is caused by an infection caused by a virus or bacterium that enters the body through the respiratory, gastrointestinal or urinary tract. In more complicated cases, the intruder can affect the eyes, ears, skin, blood or other parts of the body. Generally, the fever persists until the infection is cleared.

Vaccines

While most children do not experience problems after immunization, some of them may experience a temperature rise, which will last in a few days. In children without fever, it was found that they develop antibodies. After the vaccine, the fever can last between 1 and 3 days, without presenting complications and worrying values. For careful monitoring of the child's condition, it is recommended to measure the temperature in the evening, after administering the vaccine, the next day, in the morning and in the evening, and in the evening of the third day. If your child has other symptoms besides fever, go to the doctor (vomiting, diarrhea, thirst, thirst).

Dehydration

Fever can be one of the consequences of severe dehydration. This occurs in exceptional cases, for example when the child spends a lot of time outside, at high temperatures, is ill for several days or presents with vomiting or acute diarrhea. Fever decreases in these situations if a substantial supply of fluids is provided to restore the child's normal hydration status. This can be achieved either through high fluid intake or intravenously, if appropriate.

Heat-stroke

Prolonged exposure to the sun, especially during the day when the radiation level is highest, in combination with dehydration, lack of air and inadequate clothing, most often leads to the installation of the sun. One of the body's reactions to insolation is the increase in body temperature, which is in the inability to reduce it by its own methods. At this time, temperature reduction is very important as it can reach up to 40 ° C.

Oreion, measles, chicken pox

Mumps. One of the forms of manifestation of mumps is the appearance of fever. As a rule, it reaches 38 - 39 ° C (rarely, higher and associated with chills or vomiting). In young children, fever is usually reduced. To lower the fever, paracetamol, suppository or syrup is given (the dosage depends on the age of the child and the doctor's recommendation). If the fever does not subside, go to the doctor especially if the child is younger than 1 year.

Measles. The appearance of measles is indicated by several symptoms, including: dry throat sensation, cough, diarrhea, fatigue, incompetence, head and neck pain, fever (38 ° C or more). The fever grows continuously, reaching in 2-3 days to values ​​of 39 - 40 ° C. This rise in temperature is followed by a sharp drop in values, recorded immediately before the eruption. After the specific eruption has settled, the fever increases again.

Chickenpox. At the onset of varicella, fever, sometimes with high values, is installed; therefore, it is recommended to use antithermics: ibuprofen or paracetamol, alternatively, every 4 hours if the fever is very high. Other ways of lowering the fever are: hydration by providing sufficient liquid intake, maintaining an ambient temperature of 19 - 20 ° C, dressing the child with not very thick clothes. If the fever lasts more than 4 days, go to the doctor.

Overheating due to clothes that are too thick

The little ones need effective protection against the cold, so that their body can easily withstand the low temperatures. The most suitable clothes are those of cotton or other natural fibers, which sit tight on the body and maintain a suitable, constant temperature. From the desire to be sure the little ones are well enough dressed, the parents dress them thicker than they should be, thus leading to unnecessary increase in body temperature. This fact must be taken into account in the subsequent measurement of the temperature.

What is the temperature of the children measured?

It regularly monitors the child's temperature, so that, in the case of fever, you can control it early. Thermoval Thermoval Duo Scan from Hartmann helps you measure your baby's temperature quickly, easily and accurately. Modern technology allows the detection of temperature in 1, maximum 3 seconds, without effort. In addition, you do not need any other thermometer because the Thermoval duo scan combines two methods of measuring the temperature in a single device: it measures the temperature both on the forehead and at the ear level, so you can choose the desired method.

Perhaps the hardest thing is to get the temperature of a child who is sleeping or crying and is agitated because of fever. At this moment you only want something miraculous to escape the good minutes spent near the thermometer and to not disturb the child in any way. The measurement on the forehead takes 3 seconds, following the following steps: place the thermometer in the center of the forehead, move it slightly until it reaches the right side (anywhere), and after 3 seconds a discreet beep announces that the measurement has ended. You can read the temperature value immediately. Don't forget to remove traces of perspiration or cosmetics from the forehead (if they are) or lift the child's breton. These factors can easily influence the measurement process.

To obtain similar values ​​rectal measurements, but without any discomfort for the child, measure the temperature in the ear. Research has shown that in the eardrum the temperature registers values ​​similar to the internal ones of the body, so that the thermometer tells you precisely how high the baby's fever is.

To measure the temperature in the ear, lift it slightly from its corner so as to facilitate the penetration of the tip of the thermometer; then wait just 1 second and read the result. Don't worry about the safety of the child: the thermometer tip of the Thermoval duo scan is ergonomically designed so as not to damage the ear canal in any way.

Both the measurement on the forehead and in the ear presents the maximum safety for children. However, there is a situation in which it is good to choose the measurement on the forehead, in particular, if the child suffers from an infection in the ear, as this usually causes pain and any touch of the ear is unpleasant.

By measuring the temperature with the Thermoval duo scan, the small patient will not be exposed to any discomfort and your effort will be minimal. The thermometer is equipped with a illuminated screen so you can use it during the night, when the child sleeps, without turning on the light in the room to read the measured values. It is very easy to use and maintain: you can keep it in its own durable plastic housing, along with disinfectant napkins. To clean it you only need the alcohol towels you find in pharmacies; you don't have to buy expensive devices for hygienic use.

Find out more about fever in children at www.masoarafebra.ro.

Between September 17 - December 17, 2012 we invite you to participate in the contest on the site, after which you can win an infrared thermometer for the forehead and ear, Thermoval duo scan.

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