For women who want to become pregnant, there are a number of steps that need to be taken to have a normal and healthy pregnancy:
Preparing a healthy pregnancy
The key to success is regular checks at the gynecologist. It will monitor the development of various problems that may occur during pregnancy through regular checks, blood pressure measurement and blood and urine tests. Any harm to the pregnant woman does harm to the child.
Consumption of alcohol, drugs, smoking, chemicals, radiation (including x-rays) and various sources of infection should be avoided. Care should be taken that the body temperature does not exceed 38 degrees, any febrile condition will be treated at the doctor's recommendation and activities that may cause overheating of the body will be avoided. Also, hot baths and sauna should be avoided.
Women should take great care of them during pregnancy. A healthy lifestyle helps the child to grow well. Pregnant women should rest when they need to, eat well, be well hydrated and exercise regularly.
Investigations in preconception
Exams and tests during pregnancy
Following the prenatal examination, the gynecologist will obtain the information necessary to track the pregnancy. At this first consultation there will be a gynecological examination, blood pressure and weight will be measured and blood and urine tests will be collected. The latter will show if the woman has a certain degree of anemia (low hemoglobin level) or signs of infection.
At each prenatal exam, the pregnant woman will be weighed, her abdomen circumference, blood pressure will be measured and urine samples will be collected. All medical checks recommended by the gynecologist must be observed. Although these checks seem routine, they help the doctor to track the progress of the pregnancy and to notice any complications that may occur.
During the second trimester of pregnancy, blood tests (triple and quadruple tests) will be performed to see if there is a risk of having a child with malformations or genetic problems. If there is already the risk of such defects or if there are other members of the family with genetic diseases or other malformations at birth, the mother is over 35 years of age, a discussion with the gynecologist is required to perform these tests earlier and in more detail.
At the end of the second trimester of pregnancy, the blood glucose level is checked (through the glucose tolerance test) for the diagnosis of a possible gestational diabetes.
At the end of the pregnancy, different tests will be carried out to detect infections that could harm the child.
Signs to be followed during pregnancy
The gynecologist should be notified immediately in case of:
Planning a healthy pregnancy
To have a healthy pregnancy this must be planned ahead of time and all medical problems must be resolved first. If contraception has been used as a method of contraception, a normal cycle should be expected after stopping the pills and the child can conceive only afterwards.
The ovulation return may be delayed after a contraceptive treatment, but it is not permanently affected, but only for a short period of time. During pregnancy it is very important to move, a healthy diet and a high consumption of fluids. Also, alcohol, drugs (including non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs), drugs and coffee consumption (or reduction) should be avoided.
It is also necessary for the new mother to find an obstetrician to follow her pregnancy, a neonatologist, who will treat the newborn immediately after birth and of course a pediatrician, who will take care of the child afterwards.
There should be a discussion with the doctor about contagious diseases in childhood, because diseases like rubella or measles can lead to birth defects, pregnancy interruptions or even the birth of a dead baby.
Therefore, it is important to perform the necessary immunizations and to wait for a certain period, recommended by the doctor, before becoming pregnant.
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