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Masked in breastfeeding

Masked in breastfeeding

Mastitis is an inflammation of the breast most often related to breastfeeding. This inflammation may be associated with tissue damage, infection, or both. One in five breastfeeding women will suffer from mastitis during the first 6 months of the baby's life.
Causes of mastitis
Mastitis is due to low milk flow. When lactation begins, milk invades surrounding breast tissue that becomes inflamed and predisposed to infection. Also, the infection develops when the nipple gets cracked and irritated (usually due to improper breastfeeding technique), allowing bacteria to penetrate.
In women who are not breastfeeding, mastitis can occur due to dilation or irregularities of the duct, a breast injury (cut or bite) and very rarely due to breast cancer or tuberculosis.

Symptoms mastitis
During breastfeeding, mastitis usually affects a single breast and begins with a painful, hot and reddened area. Fever, chills, neuralgia, and pseudogripal (flu-like) symptoms may occur. In this case, the intervention of the doctor is necessary.
The worsening of mastitis is manifested by affecting the axillary nodes, on the side of the affected breast, which are increased in volume and pain, accelerating the pulse and aggravating the symptoms of the flu. Mastitis can develop into breast abscess, which presents itself as a firm and painful formation.
Risk factors for mastitis
During breastfeeding, mastitis can occur at any time. The period with the highest risk is in the first 2 months after birth, before the eating habits are regulated.
Risk factors for mastitis during breastfeeding include:

  • the existence of a previous episode of mastitis;
  • an incomplete or delayed emptying of the breasts, which favors the numbness;
  • blocking galactophore channels;
  • cracked and irritated nipples due to incorrect positioning of the baby in the breast;
  • various conditions or anemia. Anemia favors the onset of fatigue and decreases the body's resistance to infections, such as mastitis;
  • the use of breastfeeding devices that lead to blocking the flow of milk and to the proliferation of germs on the nipple surface, thus increasing the risk of infection. These devices can be:
    1. plastic covers that favor air circulation towards the nipple;
    2. plastic covers used for the protection of the nipple (shields);
    3. nipple rubber shields used to help the baby suck more easily;
    4. breast-covering pillows used to absorb excess milk;
    5. special inappropriate bras;
    6. ties (straps) for breasts used to stop lactation.
    Diagnostic
    The doctor can diagnose mastitis based on symptoms and physical examination. If the infection does not respond to treatment, the cultures from the mother's milk can help identify the type of bacteria that causes the infection.
    Treatment
    The most important factor to keep in mind about mastitis is that early antibiotic treatment and continued breastfeeding (or pumping) are essential for its healing. Delaying treatment can lead to the appearance of breast abscesses. The improvement of the symptoms can be obtained by rest, the consumption of increased amounts of liquids and the use of cold applications in the level of the sore breast.
    Although it is painful, breastfeeding in the affected breast is safe for the baby. If breastfeeding of the affected breast is too painful, start with the other breast and change depending on the flow of milk. If the nipples are too cracked and too painful to be able to breastfeed, a pump is used to empty the breasts each time they cannot breastfeed.
    This is the right time for the mother to seek the advice of a lactation consultant. Changing breastfeeding positions and ensuring proper sucking for the baby can help the mother to breastfeed more effectively, without pain and thus preventing future episodes of mastitis.
    symptoms
    Symptoms of mastitis usually occur within the first 4-6 months after birth. It is necessary to consult the doctor if early symptoms of mastitis occur.
    In the case of mastitis, at the beginning you can see:
  • a painful area on one of the breasts. It can be erythematous and hot, or both
  • chills, neuralgia and flu-like symptoms
  • temperature rise to about 37, 8 ° C or more
    These onset symptoms may occur after treating a blockage of galactophore channels. When mastitis worsens, it can be observed:
  • pulse increase (over 100 beats per minute)
  • a yellow and dense discharge from the nipple
  • the axillary lymph nodes on the side of the affected breast are increased in volume and sensitive
    Breast abscesses
    Occasionally, the symptoms of mastitis may worsen and a pouch of abscess may develop in the infected area. Symptoms of breast abscess include:
  • a firm and painful breast formation
  • an erythematous area in the breast
  • worsening flu symptoms
    More information on: Sfatulmedicului.ro <

    Tags Mask Breastfeeding