Sleep plays a crucial role in the harmonious development of the child and in maintaining an optimal state of health. Establishing a routine or stable sleep program is a priority in child care, from birth to late in childhood. There are some common problems of sleep in the child, but also useful tips for solving them, which parents must take into account, at each age.
Sleep of the child up to 1 year
In the first year of life, the most important habits related to sleep are established, which will follow it until late childhood and will affect, positive or negative, its development, depending on several factors. When you are a newborn, it is very difficult to establish a constant sleep routine in your child's schedule.
At this age, the baby sleeps more than he wakes up, accumulating even 18 hours of sleep a day. Starting with the age of 6 weeks, when the child begins to adapt to the extrauterine environment, you can begin the gradual creation of a stable sleep program, associated with a routine that will help him to consolidate or adapt his circadian rhythm or biological clock to the oscillations. day Night.
For example, in order to make the baby understand that it is evening and that it is time for sleep, it is advisable to create a darker atmosphere in the room and establish a sleep routine, consisting of several habits, to repeat in the evening. in the evening.
The routine can consist of several types of relaxing activities, which will introduce the baby to a sleep trance and help him to sleep more easily, at the times set in the program:
- relaxation music;
- breastfeeding etc.
If you carefully observe the child's sleep program, you will notice that it will begin to reach consistency around the age of 3 months, so that up to 6 months, it will already be stabilized and implemented in his daily routine.
Until the age of 6 months, most babies give up on waking up at night. He manages to stay uninterrupted more and more hours. The daily required number of hours of sleep of a baby begins to decrease as he advances to the age of one year:
- 1 month - 15-18 hours;
- 3 months - 15 hours;
- 6 months - 14 1/2 hours;
- 9 months - 14 hours;
- 12 months - 13 3/4 hours.
Remember that these parameters are only indicative, each child having unique characteristics of growth and development. The most important thing that parents have to do, up to a year, is to create a more balanced sleep schedule and establish a relaxing routine. These will help him adjust his biological clock and rest properly both during the day and at night.
Baby sleep between 1 and 3 years
After the age of 1 year, the baby's sleep should enter a normal phage and give you less and less headaches. The little one should sleep all night, without interruption, and have only 2 more hours of sleep during the day.
By the preschool age, sleep during the day disappears completely. The child between 1 and 3 years old gathers around 13-14 hours of sleep, daily, 11 of them taking place during the night. The most important advice regarding sleep at this stage of childhood is to try to keep their sleep routine and program designed for up to one year, and as they progress to preschool, adapt them to their needs.
By the time you enter preschool, your sleep will decrease in intensity, as the child will be more active and eager to experiment and explore things around him. If by the age of one year, you used to fall asleep with a pacifier or bottle, it is important to start to get rid of these sleep incentives.
The child should be taught to fall asleep alone, without being dependent on your presence or teat. In addition, it should be used when you wake up at night to sleep alone, without the need for your presence or bottle. As you approach the age of 3, you will encounter problems in falling asleep or sleeping, in the evening.
If the sleep routine worked very well as a baby, because it associated relaxing activities with sleep, now, the child is much more developed, active and eager to know. For this reason, try to postpone as much bedtime. Be consistent in observing the sleep schedule and do not allow her to stay awake after the scheduled bedtime.
Sleep of the child between 3 and 6 years
If you have managed to maintain a stable sleep routine in your baby's development, you will face less nightly awakening or trouble falling asleep. However, you will face new sleep problems - night terrors or nightmares that will give you a headache. Sleep now accumulates around 12 hours a day, 11 of them taking place at night.
Although most children give up the afternoon sleep in their program, until this age, it is not excluded that the little one wants to sleep, at least once a day, in the afternoon. The rich imagination of the preschool child predisposes him to the creation of scary scenarios at dusk, developing unexplained fears and fears.
Fear of darkness, the fact that under the bed is a monster or night terrors, which suddenly wake him up and scared in the middle of the night, will be the main problems that will affect his sleep and rest at night. It is important not to ignore in any way these reactions or the fears the child feels, because for him, they are very real.
Be near him, reassure him and make sure you understand what he is going through. Help him to overcome, gradually and with great patience, successfully over these negative experiences that affect his development. If the preschooler happens to sleep with you in bed, it's time to tell him about this habit and get him used to sleeping alone in his room.
What other problems have you encountered regarding your baby's sleep? How did you manage to solve them? Share your tips on baby sleep in the comments section below!
Tags Baby sleep tips Kids sleep Kids sleep program Routine baby sleep