In detail

Growth and development in the period 1-12 months

Growth and development in the period 1-12 months

How does the baby grow and grow in the first year of life?

How does the baby grow and grow in the first year of life?
The first 12 months may be the most dynamic period of your life. Radical changes take place in all areas of growth and development, they include:

  • physical development: most newborns double their weight by gaining weight on average from (14.2g) to (28.4g) daily in the first 6 months of life. The birth weight triples between 9-12 months. By the age of 12 months, most newborns grew by 25.4 cm compared to the length at birth. Cranial circumference usually increases by 0.6-1.3cm per month
  • cognitive development: this is a process by which newborns develop their learning and memorizing skills. Infants begin to recognize and interact with loved ones and begin to understand that they are surrounded by people and objects.
  • emotional and social development - in an affective environment, infants are easily attached to their parents. In the first month, newborns express their emotions mainly through crying, grumbling or flaunting a cheerful and cheerful face. Around the age of 4 months, infants learn to smile, gang up and hug the people who take them in their arms. At 5 months, children clearly show their preferences for loved ones. Over the next few months, protests at breakup and strange anxiety are ways in which the baby demonstrates attachment.
    A close bond provides a basis for future relationships, children learn how to love their parents and how to trust them
  • language development - the baby's brain is very receptive to learning and absorbs the language around them very quickly. Around the age of 3-6 weeks, the children develop different types of crying to indicate their specific needs (such as hunger or discomfort), at 2 months, they begin to interact through gangurita or smile, then continue to murmur and mumble until 6 months. By 6 months, most infants have learned all the distinct and basic sounds of their native language. In the first year most infants can speak different words, like mom or dad and they can understand a lot more
  • sensitive and motor development - the child's movements become more controlled and intentional as the archaic reflexes disappear (the reflexes with which the child is born). Even though the baby is apparently getting stronger over time, the baby will be flexible and coordinated enough at six months to put his toes in his mouth and strong enough to sit in the sitting position without support. At 10 months many children can stand, even if they need support.
    Repeated medical checks should take place after the first month of life at 2, 4, 6, 9 and 12 months. During these visits, the attending physician should examine the child for evaluation of normal growth and development. The parent is questioned if the child has developed as expected. Vaccinations are administered according to the standard immunization schedule.
  • When should concerns arise for the growth and development of the baby?
    Ask the doctor if the child does not gain weight and does not develop according to age expectations. However, consider that each child develops at a different pace. A child who slowly gains certain skills, such as interactive ganguritis, may have advanced development in sensory and motor coordination. It is usually more worrying when a child gains different skills, but then loses them.
    Also, ask the doctor if the child has hearing problems, for example if he / she does not respond to the parent's voice or loud noises.
    Do not hesitate to consult the doctor whenever there are concerns about the health of the child, even if the cause is not clarified.

    How can the child be helped during the first year of life?

    It can help promote healthy development by interacting with the child and providing a stimulating and loving environment. Normal development patterns must also be studied. This information will help parents understand the changes in the child's life and find appropriate solutions in response to these changes.
    The child is allowed to explore safely. To offer coordination and limits, but to respect the curiosity of the child and the acquired skills. This will help develop the confidence needed to discover new skills and for normal growth and development.
    Infants usually progress in a natural way, from one sequence of a developmental step to another, such as from smiling to giggling. During the first year there will be gains in 5 major areas:
  • physical development - is especially pronounced in the first year of life. Most infants almost triple their weight by the anniversary of their first year of life
  • cognitive development - or the development of learning and memorizing skills, is rapidly advancing. Infants begin early to recognize familiar persons. As their memory develops, they gradually realize that people and objects persist even if they are located outside the field of vision, a cognitive aptitude called permanent objects. Sensory integration evolves throughout the first year, which is the process by which the child's brain begins to make connections between visual, gustatory, auditory and tactile sensations.
  • emotional and social development - begins by establishing close links between infants and parents and between infants and nannies. When cared for in a caring and appropriate manner, most infants begin to engage and communicate with others. At 12 months most children are expressive and strongly attached to their parents. They also experience a degree of separation anxiety when the parent is away
  • language development - occurs along with brain development and neuronal synapses. Children begin to communicate through different types of screams, then progress through murmur. At 1 year, children are able to say a few words. Many children understand a few words by this age and begin to deduce the meaning of many other words.
  • sensory and motor development - progresses by continuing the growth and development of the brain, nerves and muscles. As the controlled movements become finer, the archaic reflexes gradually disappear (reflexes present at birth).
    Even though most children acquire certain skills at a specific age, it is important to remember that development occurs at an individual rate. Also, many children tend to make progress in one area, such as learning to pronounce "your own," while other skills, such as motor coordination, do not make progress. If the child has a slight delay in developing the skills in a field, this is not necessarily a problem. However, consult your doctor if you have concerns.
    Children born prematurely typically acquire the skills later than other children of the same age. However, they usually fit into the development schedule expected for their age. For example, a baby born 2 months earlier will gain the skills 2 months later than a term baby born in the same period.
  • Tags Child development Child growth