Article reviewed by Dr. Anca Panaitescu, specialist obstetrics-gynecologist, Clinical Hospital Philanthropy
Week 23 of pregnancy it comes with its impressive features, including the fact that the baby can now hear the beats of your heart.
How big is the baby in the 23rd week of pregnancy
Your baby is like a longer pumpkin. It is about 30 centimeters long and weighs almost 500 grams. It is better proportioned, although the head is still larger than the rest of the body.
Pregnancy at 23 weeks: how your baby grows
The baby is growing at a fantastic pace. In the next four weeks it will double its weight. His skin is still wrinkled and reddish, but the fat begins to slowly accumulate under the skin. Although he now looks like a baby, he is still fragile and delicate, with a little fatty tissue and wrinkled skin. As fat accumulates under the skin, its appearance will be closer to that of a newborn.
The lungs develop as they prepare for the breathing process. They begin this week to produce a substance called surfactant, which lines the pulmonary alveoli. The surfactant allows the air sacs to fill with air and prevents the collapse and attachment of the alveoli when deflated during expiration.
Surfactant production continues from now on, the lungs being fully functional near the time of birth. In the event of premature birth, the lungs can function now, only because they need a lot of help and much surfactant for the baby to breathe on his own.
In the womb, the baby does repetitions for respiratory movements using respiratory muscles. The amniotic fluid is inspired by the lungs, helping to form them. It is easy to imagine that there is no air in the baby's lungs except after birth; all the oxygen that the baby's cells need is brought through the blood in the placenta and comes from the mother.
The fetus can swallow amniotic fluid, thus exerting the swallowing process, but will not remove the first faeces (called meconium) until after birth.
The hearing aid of your little one is also in full development. Bebe can now hear the noises of your heartbeat and blood flow in large blood vessels. The loud noises you hear in the womb - such as the barking of a dog or the sound of the vacuum cleaner probably won't scare you when you hear them outside the womb.
Babies born prematurely in week 23 of pregnancy they can survive if they benefit from over-specialized care and are fortunate enough not to develop serious complications. The risks, however, are very high.
Read on What does the baby look like in your tummy on week 23 of pregnancy?
What you need to know: Every baby develops slightly differently - even in your body. Our information is intended to give you a general idea about the development of your baby this week of pregnancy.
How many months is 23 weeks pregnant?
At 23 weeks of pregnancy you can say that you are 6 months pregnant.
What is happening in your body during the 23rd week of pregnancy
From now on the tummy begins to grow rapidly. Usually, the abdomen of a gait measures between 21 and 25 centimeters from the pubic bone to the end of the uterus (the height of the uterus).
Those around you notice that you are pregnant and are more thoughtful. You can make the most of this period when you have no ill feelings, you are full of energy and radiate beauty. Accept by smiling when you see that you are offered the seat on the bus or you are left in front of the queue at the store without asking for it. Take advantage of this period. You are pregnant and you are experiencing special moments.
Also in this sapamana, if you are very careful, you can see a (relative) program after which your baby develops his intrauterine life. Specifically, when he is less active, and when he is awake, he feels his presence swallowing when on one side of the uterus.
And some mothers say that there is a clear similarity between the baby's routine during the intrauterine life and his / her routine after birth. So, if your baby is more active at night, you may be expecting many hours of sleep in the minus, and if it is quieter when you sleep, you may be able to rest both at birth. for a long time at night.
Common symptoms at 23 weeks of pregnancy
What may start to upset you from now on are back pain. As your tummy grows, your spine curves change, the muscles that support your spine weaken and become sore. It is important to try to control your posture - to stand upright, with shoulders pulled back, abdomen slightly bent and buttocks muscles slightly tight. Even when you sit down, you should try to sit as straight as possible on the chair.
For back pain you can do gymnastics and massage. At gymnastics, it is forbidden to sit on your belly and not on your back. The ball exercises are very good, which you can do alone at home, but, better, during a pregnancy program, at the gym. You can also massage, but it should not be too strong, and you can sit alternately on the right or left side.
Do not put foot on foot - this position interrupts the circulation from the lower limbs.
If you had headaches in the first trimester of pregnancy, they may improve now. (Many women have headaches in the early stages of pregnancy due to pregnancy hormones, changes in circulation, and / or sinus congestion).
You may sometimes notice swelling of the soft tissues, especially at the ankles and legs. These are called edema and occur due to changes in the chemical composition of the blood that causes fluid to flow from the blood vessels into the tissues. The uterus gradually increases in size, causes increased pressure in the veins that bring blood to the heart from the lower part of the body and thus slows down circulation in the lower limbs. The consequences of this are edema, varicose veins and hemorrhoids.
Edema is more pronounced in the evening and in summer. Your body will eliminate excess fluid after you give birth (this is why after birth you urinate so often and sweat so much).
In the meantime, stay with your legs as high as you can, stretch your legs when you sit down, avoid standing still for longer periods of time, exercise regularly to increase circulation and wear a special training for prevention and treatment. varicose veins (put it on you as soon as you get out of bed in the morning).
You may be tempted to drink less fluids to resolve this buildup, but, paradoxically, you need even more water - hydration helps prevent edema.
If you notice edema in your hands or face, you should notify your doctor as this may be one of the signs of a severe condition called preeclampsia.
Preeclampsia is a condition characterized by hypertension (increased blood pressure in the vascular system) that can create complications during pregnancy. Most often doctors use the term "pregnancy-induced hypertension" to diagnose hypertension in pregnancy. Hypertension in pregnancy increases the risk of preeclampsia and other complications. That is why pregnant women are advised to take up their stress frequently during pregnancy. In general, preeclampsia occurs in young women who are at first pregnancy, especially in the last trimester.
Symptoms of preeclampsia:
- The presence of a pathological edema (in the hands or feet), headache, pain in the upper abdomen, nausea, vomiting, dizziness, ringing of the ears or vision disorders;
- Increased blood pressure (greater than 140/90);
- Increased level of protein in urine (proteinuria).
Your doctor will check for these symptoms at each visit and you will be asked to give a urine test to check for protein. A small trace of protein in the urine is normal, but it is serious if it is discovered that the kidneys are overloaded during pregnancy.
In the same medical examination the blood pressure will be checked; the doctor should measure blood pressure at every prenatal visit.
Analysis and investigations during the 23rd week of pregnancy
If you have done fetal morphology for the second trimester - between weeks 20 and 22 usually, then in this 23rd something is not recommended, unless the doctor asks for further investigations in a certain regard.
But you can analyze very seriously if you want to resort to stem cell harvesting. Here is some information:
Are you looking for stem cell harvesting?
Storing blood from the baby's umbilical cord (placental blood) is a procedure whereby blood remains in the baby's umbilical cord and in the placenta is collected, frozen and stored for future medical use.
Blood from the umbilical cord is precious because it is rich in stem cells - cells that underlie the formation of blood elements and the immune system.
Stem cells have the property to differentiate and form other tissues, organs, and blood vessels and they can be used to treat many conditions such as leukemia and sickle cell disease (sickle cell anemia). Many parents see placental blood storage as a form of health insurance for any family member who develops a disease that can be treated with stem cells.
Only you can decide if the umbilical cord blood storage is right for your family.
Factors to consider:
- There are a limited number of diseases that can be treated at present, with the help of stem cells. Until now, stem cells have been used for the treatment of certain forms of leukemia, aplastic anemia, myelodysplastic syndromes, certain forms of lymphoma and some other conditions. For treatment, the amount of stem cells collected is important.
The research on blood collected from the umbilical cord level has promising results. Although umbilical cord blood is not widely used in the treatment of patients, the researchers believe that in the future it can be successfully used to treat certain types of cancer, diabetes, spinal cord injury, myocardial infarction, stroke or disease neurological disorders including Alzheimer's and Parkinson's disease.
- Private banks that store placental blood typically require a processing and collection fee of about $ 600 to $ 1900, plus an annual storage rate ranging from $ 80 to $ 100.
- In some situations, there is a risk that your baby may not be able to treat it with his own blood.
- You probably have more chances of finding the right stem cells in the public system than inside your own family. (In many European countries there are public stem cell banks, where you can easily find cells from compatible donors. Unfortunately, in Romania, there is no such thing so far.
If you decide you want to go to a private bank to store umbilical cord blood, talk to your doctor and start learning about the alternatives now. Most private banks prefer to enter into contracts with women in the second quarter. If you wait too long, you may have to pay an extra fee.
Recommendations on the same topic:
How big is the baby compared to a fruit?
Stem cell banks accredited to store tissue in Romania
Stem cell sampling procedure
How to Choose a Stem Cell Bank
What to do during week 23 of pregnancy
Write a letter to your baby. You and your child will appreciate this gift in the years to come. Let your heart speak. If you need help getting started, get inspired by our ideas:
- Describe your feelings for your child and how you feel knowing he is growing in your tummy.
- Imagine a perfect day together with your child and the things you would do together.
- Write down your hopes, dreams and wishes for your child.
- Think about what it means to be a mother to you and your definition of being a good mother.
If writing does not represent you, make a collage or a box with memories that contain moments during pregnancy.
Also, this week you can think of a way to put money aside for when your baby becomes a teenager. It is certainly more difficult in Romania to have a service that allows you to do this, but if you can, it is good to know that in the West it is practiced and it is a very good habit for both parents and children.
Also read: Things to do in week 23 of pregnancy
Think about it, when you go to college for example, you will most likely have enough expenses to cover. And if you set aside a small amount per month until the age of 18, you will be surprised to have enough money, with not too much effort.
Week 22 of pregnancy | Week 24 of pregnancy
Weekly Pregnancy Tags