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Autism in children

Autism in children

autism it is a disease that can affect the behavior of a child, the way he thinks, communicates and interacts with others. Children with autism are affected in many ways. Some of them have only mild symptoms that they can develop and live independently, while others may have severe symptoms and need special care. This disorder is more common in boys than girls and is usually diagnosed at ages 15-36 months, although the symptoms may appear earlier.

What is Autism?

Autism is a spectrum disorder, meaning that it affects children in different ways, to varying degrees of severity, on the ability to communicate, think and interact on a social level.

Because there is nothing abnormal about the physical side of an autism patient and because children develop each in their own way, the disorder can be difficult to recognize.
Autism is characterized by:

  • Communication problems, which may include delays in speech development or word repetition;
  • Poor social interaction;
  • Repetitive behavior and interest;
  • Unusual behavior regarding the movement of the hands.
  • For a quarter of children with autism, development can be normal in the first 2 years of life, and then regress on social interaction and communication. They may:

  • He prefers to play alone;
  • Not to be aware that playing with other children;
  • They like to align objects and arrange them according to color;
  • Have difficulty establishing eye contact with other people.
  • If you indicate one of these signs regarding your child, based on an isolated behavior, it does not necessarily mean that he has autism. It is usually a collection of such patterns that lead to a diagnosis.
    Although children with autism are affected in different ways, in all cases, their ability to communicate and interact with others is precarious. Other behaviors of children with autism are:

  • Language limited to repetitive words;
  • Stopping communication;
  • Problems in communicating what is needed;
  • I cannot establish eye contact with the people around them;
  • I want to be alone;
  • They like imaginary and fantastic games;
  • It engages in repetitive movements, for example the rotation of objects;
  • I cry or laugh for no reason;
  • Difficulty in showing or receiving affection;
  • It does not support changing the daily schedule;
  • There is no fear of danger;
  • I am physically very active or not at all;
  • Lack of answers to calls by name;
  • Abnormal reactions to loud sounds.
  • Not all children with autism exhibit such behaviors.

    Causes and diagnosis

    The causes of autism
    There is no particular cause for autism. Research has been based on chemical imbalance, brain development or the patient's immune system. Food allergies, excessive amounts in the intestinal tract and exposure to a toxic environment have been seen as possible causes of autism. But there is no clear evidence in this regard.
    Some researchers consider that thimerisol (an ingredient of the vaccine) and vaccines may be related to autism because the diagnosis of the disease coincides with the age at which the child requires vaccines. But there is no evidence in this regard, even the theory founded on this subject in 1998 was discredited in 2004.
    Diagnosis of autism

    There is a 10% chance if we already have a child with autism, that the next one will be affected or have a similar disorder.
    Because autism is difficult to recognize and diagnose, it is very important for the parent to look at possible symptoms and then contact a specialist doctor to determine whether or not the disease is occurring as soon as possible. If, as a parent, you are concerned about your child's communication problems, it is advisable to consult a doctor to dispel your fears.
    There is no specific test to diagnose autism, but your doctor may require more tests to see your child's health. You can contact a pediatrician, child psychiatrist or neurologist.
    The intervention program
    If your child has been diagnosed with autism, you can call the following team of specialists:

  • Pediatrician specialized in child development and growth;
  • Psychologist;
  • Therapist for communication and social interaction problems;
  • Specialized teacher in the education of children with autism.
  • Finding and finding a special program for children with autism is very important and should be done quickly. These programs are used to provide education and support to your child after he or she has been diagnosed with physical or mental behavioral disorders. These programs are those that manage to partially integrate the child in the society, using different methods such as sign languages ​​or different pictures. They also help the child to give up repetitive patterning and guide them to other activities.
    For most children, drugs are used to keep their symptoms under control, such as antidepressants to minimize repetitive patterns or to stimulate their activity, anticonvulsants to treat aggression. Some are also given antipsychotic drugs to control repetitive and aggressive behavior.

    Help given to children with autism

    Going to school
    The members of the medical team can help you find a child as environmentally friendly as possible when it comes to education, such as going to school. They can choose:

    • A normal school as close to home;
    • A private school that offers intense support for children with problems;
    • A special school for children with autism.

    Organizing your child's classroom is very important because it can reduce the frustration of your child. Here are some of the things you could do to facilitate the transition:

    • There must be few doors;
    • A toilet in the classroom or very close to it;
    • Certain breaks between lessons;
    • Organizing the necessary things for the child;
    • Quiet area.

    Help your child
    When a parent is aware of the child's illness or, in this case of autism, it can sometimes be quite devastating for them. They go through different emotional states such as: rejection, anger, negotiation with themselves, depression and finally acceptance. You can contact a psychologist who can help you get through and through these moments.
    Remember that as a parent you play a very important role in the life of your child. Like any child, children with autism learn to play, which is why it is important to play with it.
    Here are some of the ways you can take home with your child:

    • Be constant and set certain routines for both home and abroad;
    • Find a place where your child will feel safe;
    • Find various ways to help communicate with your child as easily as possible and help him / her restore self-confidence;
    • Combine words with photos, signs, symbols or gestures;
    • Try to show her affection, as much as possible. Although they have problems receiving and providing affection, it is very important for their treatment to feel loved and protected.

    article made in collaboration with Sfatulmedicului.ro

    IMPORTANT ANNOUNCEMENT!

    Romanian Angel Appeal Foundation, in partnership with the Ministry of Labor, Family and Social Protection - General Directorate for Child Protection and the Association of Cognitive and Behavioral Psychotherapies in Romania, implements the project between October 1, 2010 - September 31, 2013 "And they must have a chance! - support program for the social and professional integration of people with autism spectrum disorders."

    More information about the program And they must have a chance!: www.autism.raa.ro

    The complete list of organizations and associations that support people with autism spectrum disorders can be found at www.autism.raa.ro/resurse/organizatii.

    Tags Autism children