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Diabetes in children

Diabetes in children

A child who develops diabetes, especially at an early age, is more likely to have type I diabetes, which requires the mandatory administration of insulin to prevent serious complications such as ketoacidosis diabetic coma.

Over 75% of newly diagnosed cases of type I diabetes occur in children and adolescents. At this age, type II diabetes is rarely encountered. 5-10% of all diabetes mellitus are type I and is extremely rare in adults over 40 years old.

Although it is more common after the age of 40, type II diabetes can be encountered in children, especially in children with marked obesity (more and more common in recent years).

The lack of physical exertion, sports, in children is another important risk factor incriminated in the occurrence of several diseases, including juvenile diabetes.

Signs and symptoms of juvenile diabetes

  • polydipsia (ingestion of large quantities of water);
  • polyuria (frequent urination, high urine);
  • marked fatigue (chronic fatigue) and irritability;
  • polyphagia (ingestion of large quantities of food);
  • marked weight loss (several kilograms in short time);
  • ketone halene (breath with fruity, sweet or fruity aroma, vinegar).

Unfortunately, much of the newly diagnosed type I diabetes is late, with the onset of diabetic coma!

For this reason, the early recognition of the signs and symptoms characteristic of diabetes in children is extremely important.

Treatment

As mentioned earlier, diabetes is a chronic, incurable disease that requires ongoing treatment and monitoring. Maintaining normal blood sugar by administering insulin treatment, prevents complications and decreases the morbidity associated with diabetes.

Tips on caring for a child with diabetes

Proper blood glucose monitoring. The frequency of glucose determination is determined by the pediatric specialist or diabetic.

Correct administration of insulin, according to the schedule and indications of the attending physician. The amount, type and frequency of insulin administration depends on the blood glucose levels, nutrition (number of calories ingested) and physical exertion (number of calories consumed).

Combating sedentary lifestyle and establishing a regular exercise program.

Establish an appropriate diet, recommended by a nutritionist. Diabetics should avoid consuming certain foods (concentrated sweets, fats, alcohol, artificial juices, etc.). The nutritionist will establish a diet with a certain number of calories and containing foods (predominantly fruits, vegetables, dairy, lean meat) ingested regularly after a schedule of 5 meals daily (3 main meals and 2 snacks).

Regular medical check-up, for clinical-biological re-evaluation, identification of possible complications and appropriate treatment.

Proper education of children with diabetes, so that as they grow older they can take care of themselves, integrate more easily into society and lead a more normal life.

Tags Diabetes children