During pregnancy, the immune system works at a slower rate than usual - which is actually a good thing because it prevents the body from fighting the baby in the womb, which is technically an alien to its own body. The disadvantage of this immunosuppression, however, is that the body cannot fight colds as it normally does.
"Fortunately, colds are, most of the times, just a feeling of discomfort, and in this case you do not need to worry and take medicines. If, however, the symptoms worsen, it is advisable to consult a doctor before deciding to take a pill, as these can negatively influence the evolution of your pregnancy, ”says Dr. Silviu Istoc, primary obstetrics-gynecology doctor.
Here's what you need to do in case of a cold, Dr. Silviu Istoc offers some important tips:
Causes of cold during pregnancy
Colds are most commonly caused by what is known as rhinoviruses or another type of virus that is easy to contract. There are over 200 cold viruses, which is why you have to stay away from them and take good care of them, especially during pregnancy, when the body cannot fight as well as before, and medications are not recommended.
What are the symptoms of the cold?
A cold usually begins with a sore throat or discomfort lasting a day or two, followed by the gradual onset of symptoms:
• Nasal secretions, followed by clogged nose;
• Dry cough;
• Muscle pain.
Symptoms may vary depending on the body and the contracted virus, but regardless of the stage of the cold, it is best not to take any measures before going to a specialist check, any remedy that is not recommended by the doctor, can endanger your health and task.
How to treat colds during pregnancy
Although many of the medications you use to relieve cold symptoms are usually contraindicated during pregnancy, you should not endure a clogged nose or dry cough when you are pregnant. Some of the most effective remedies against the cold have no medical origin.
These tips can help you feel better much faster:
Rest. The period of a cold can be significantly shortened if you take into account the signs your body is giving you. Rest is very important during a cold, so stay in bed and allow your body to recover.
Stay active. If fever or sore throat have not appeared and your mood is good, alternate your resting moments with special exercises to achieve them during pregnancy. You will move your muscles and your whole body, which will help you get rid of the cold faster.
Eat healthy. During the cold, the appetite can be very low, but you do not have to comply with this situation. Keep eating throughout the day, healthy foods that will put you on your feet.
Consume foods high in Vitamin C. These foods, specifically Vitamin C, help to stimulate the immune system naturally. Try all types of fruits: citrus fruits (oranges, tangerines, grapefruit), strawberries, melons, kiwi, mango, tomatoes, peppers, papaya, broccoli, red cabbage and spinach. All of these contain Vitamin C and will get you out of the cold much faster.
Eat foods that contain zinc. They can also help stimulate the immune system. The necessary foods that contain zinc are: turkey meat, beef, pork, boiled oysters, eggs, yogurt, wheat germs and oatmeal.
Consume plenty of fluids. Fever, sneezing and nasal secretions are symptoms of the cold that dehydrates the body. Hot drinks will relieve these symptoms, so keep a hot drink or hot soup near the bed and try to drink enough to stay well hydrated.
Supplements recommended by the doctor. The administration of prenatal vitamins, which contain vitamin C and zinc, can be a good solution to supplement the vitamins needed in the body and to remove the cold, but these should only be taken at the advice of the specialist doctor.
When is it necessary to consult a doctor?
In the early stage, the cold does not manifest itself as unbearable symptoms and may not worsen, but if you notice a worsening of your health, you should go to the doctor immediately. Here are the symptoms announcing the need for specialized control:
• High fever;
• severe colds;
• Lack of appetite;
• Irritant cough;
• Abundant secrets;
• Chest pain after coughing;
• Whistling breathing;
• Pulse sinuses.
If the symptoms last for more than a few weeks, it is possible that the cold has worsened, becoming a secondary infection, which is why a visit to a specialist doctor is a necessity in order not to endanger your health and your baby's womb.
Dr. Silviu Istoc is a primary obstetrician-gynecologist at the Medicover Hospital, within the Department of Maternal-Fetal Medicine and Minimally Invasive Gynecological Surgery and at the ProVita Clinic. You can read more details on www.dristoc.ro and on the Facebook page.
Tags Colds pregnancy Pregnancy Health pregnancy