What is it and what does the immune system do in general?
The immune system (from the term immunis = free, clean) is a term used in biology to define the defense mechanisms of living organisms against pathogens (antigens). This role is important for maintaining the health of the body, within its relations with the environment, where it is constantly subject to the influence of external factors.
Normally, the immune system destroys both foreign bodies penetrated into the body (pathogens), as well as some harmful, altered structures of the body.
Pathogens that can enter the body, generating immunological reactions, can be: biological substances (toxins, poisons), chemicals, intracellular organisms (viruses), monocellular organisms (bacteria, microscopic fungi, protozoa) or multicellular organisms (worms, parasites).
Its structures with abnormal changes, which are recognized as non-self and destroyed by the immune system, include tumor cells, malformed or dead cells.
Components of the immune system
In order to prevent the pathogen from entering the body, our body was endowed with certain barriers, which are:
- Mechanical and physiological barriers: skin, mucous membranes, saliva, gastric juice, intestinal enzymes, etc.
- Cellular barrier of blood and tissues.
- Humorous barrier (Latin "humor" - liquid).
Immunological components of the immune system
- Tonsils and polyps - accumulate elements of the immune system to be used when needed.
- The thymus - is a gland with endocrine secretion, located substantially, which, after puberty gradually diminishes its size and functions.
- Spline - is located in the left flank of the upper abdomen, subcostal and is an organ that plays an essential role in the evolution of the immune system, allowing the circulation of lymphocytes and controlling the process of destruction of aging.
- Lymph nodes - is a network throughout the body.
When an antigen is detected, the nearest lymph node immediately reacts, swelling, increasing lymphocyte production.
- The adrenals are located at the level of the upper pole of the kidneys. They produce two hormones: adrenaline (influences muscle activity and basal metabolism) and cortisone (has anti-inflammatory effect and stimulates the growth of lymphocyte synthesis).
- Lymph nodes - located along the lymphatic vessels: in the abdomen, subaxillary, groin, cervical, paravertebral, continuously filter the lymph fluid, destroy the microbes and degenerate cells, host immunologically active cells for mobilization if necessary.
- Spinal cord. It is the "cradle" of all cells that make up the immune system.
- Leukocytes - are produced by bone marrow and represent the first line of defense against infections. All types of immune cells are generically called leukocytes. Their role is to destroy, phagocyte (digest) or neutralize any antigen. When mobilized, some have immediate action, and others have a delay (up to a few months).
When the immune system is deficient, the body no longer has the ability to fight the pathogens and infectious diseases will appear.
In conclusion, maintaining the health status is directly proportional to the proper functioning of the immune system.
How can we tune the immune system?
Before learning any measures to stimulate the function of the immune system, we must consider:
- the need to drain the lymphatic system;
- strengthening of cellular immunity;
- strengthening humoral immunity by increasing antibody production;
- maintaining an optimal level of natural killer cells (killer cells);
- removal of organic aggressors: toxins, heavy metals, free radicals, etc.
Nutritional supplements (phytotherapeutics) - the ideal solution to stimulate the immune system
echinacea is a very popular plant in the world. It was first used in the United States by Native Americans living in the Great Plains. They used the plant to heal wounds, including snake bites. The root of the plant has been used to treat toothache, throat and other mouth irritations.
American colonists learned about the properties of echinacea from Native Americans, the plant being introduced later in Europe.
Numerous studies have shown that echinacea is effective in strengthening the immune system. This is the ability of the plant to prevent the formation of enzymes known as hyaluronidases, which destroy the natural barrier between healthy tissues and affected tissues. Without hyaluronidase-mediated enzymatic interference, the body is able to defend itself against viruses.
Echinacea helps the body fight infections and by empowering the liver, lymph circulation and mucous membranes.
Echinacea is valuable in supporting the immune system in cancer patients after chemotherapy / radiotherapy.
The researchers say that echinacea extract is useful in slowing the growth rate and destroying viruses such as: herpes simplex, influenza and paraplegal viruses. Root extracts can alleviate or reduce the symptoms of influenza and other infections, especially respiratory infections. Studies have shown the efficacy of echinacea against bacterial, viral and / or fungal infections.
Echinacea has also been used in skin diseases such as: eczema or psoriasis.
Children are a separate entity of medicine. They also have different adult needs. It is very well known that, at birth, the only immunological source of defense of the newborn is the G-type immunoglobulin antibodies that the newborn takes from breast milk. Because, It is essential milking in the first months of life! Over time, the immune system of the little ones develops, but as this happens, they are attacked by many pathogens.
Regarding the toning of the functions of the immune system in children, this is not recommended in the first year of life, because then, it is considered that the baby is protected by antibodies from the mother.
After the first year of life, you can help the child's immune system by administering immunostimulators of 100% natural sources.
Range BABY CARE comes to support your needs with the preparation, 100% natural, BABY CARE Immunity - syrup based on echinacea extract.
How do I manage?
Children 1-3 years: 1 teaspoon 3 times a day, in 3 sockets.
Children over 3 years: 1-2 teaspoons 3 times a day, divided into 3 sockets.
Do not administer BABY CARE Immunity if the child suffers from any autoimmune disease or is being treated with immunosuppressants!
Dr. Ana-Maria Rizea
Tags Immunity children