Choosing a car seat for children is an extremely difficult task for parents. Because there are so many models of car seats for the little ones on the market, we get to a time when we feel overwhelmed and do not know what to choose.
Fortunately, the researchers collected a lot of information so that the little ones are safe while traveling by car. Concern for the safety of passengers in the car has caused specialists to carry out impact tests since the middle of the last century. In the beginning, adult dummies were used, the tests being far from sophisticated. However, with the development of technology, studies on the effects of a frontal collision on passengers in the vehicle have become increasingly elaborate. Thus, it was concluded that a rear facing car seat Prolonged is safer than a classic car seat.
Scientific demonstration: car seat with extended rear facing system is 5 times safer than traditional car seat
Impact tests have helped save many lives over time. But how sure is one extended rear facing car seat? The researchers showed that a rear-facing car seat is 500% safer than a classic one, in the case of children up to 2 years old. This benefit also applies to older ages, in percentage, what is right, younger. The journey with the back remains, however, safer than the one in the case of children.
A comparative study between the two types of car seats - classic and rear facing - showed that 8 out of 100 children traveling in a car seat with extended rear facing system will lose their lives or suffer very serious injuries following a collision. front. 92 children, however, will get rid of such accidents. In the case of children traveling in a classic car seat, facing the driving direction, 40 out of 100 will lose their lives or be seriously injured. In conclusion, the risk of fatal injury is only 8% in the case of rear facing car seats, as opposed to 40% in the case of traditional car seats.
A system designed according to pediatric anatomy criteria
Many people tend to consider children as younger adults. Even though they appear to have the same anatomical construction, in reality their bone structure is very different from that of an adult. This is also why it is so difficult to provide them with the necessary protection when traveling by car. The head, neck and spine of young children are delicate and far from fully developed. Car seats with extended rear facing system protect these extremely delicate areas in the event of a frontal collision.
Look at your child and study his head. In adults, it represents about 6% of body weight. In the case of a 9-month-old baby, the head is quite disproportionate to the rest of the body, weighing a quarter of the total weight of the child.
The baby's head is mostly represented by the skull box and the baby's brain. The baby's face is relatively small. These are also the reasons why the risk of severe head trauma is much higher in young children compared to adults.
In children, the vertebrae of the neck are extremely delicate, the entire area of the neck being underdeveloped. At birth, these vertebrae are composed of separate portions of bones, linked together by cartilage. In other words, the baby's skeleton is still soft. The cartilages in the neck area will turn into bones in the first three years of the child's life. The process of hardening of the bones, called ossification, continues until puberty. In a similar way, the muscles and ligaments of the neck develop.
With the passage of time, the vertebrae of the neck slowly change its shape, from the flat cartilages, to its shaped bones. This is more important than you might think. When the car collides with another vehicle, the force of impact hits the adult's head. The vertebrae in the shape of them will remain interconnected and will support each other, protecting the neck of the adult. However, little children are lacking this extra protection. Their body does not cope with the incredibly large forces exerted during a car accident. They run the risk of getting seriously injured even at speeds that seem small to an adult. The rear-facing position offers fantastic protection, provided the car seat is installed correctly.
Lower risk of neck fractures
When traveling in a traditional car seat, the child's shoulders and body are kept in line with harnesses. But the neck and head are completely unprotected. In case of accident, they are thrown with violence beforehand, the risk of injuries to the neck and spine being very high. In the rear facing car seat, this risk is 5 times lower. The force of impact is absorbed by the whole body of the child. The neck and head are pushed into the chair, remaining aligned with the rest of the body and thus protected.
Catastrophic injuries can also occur at low speeds. The specialists give the example of a baby of 18 months and 15 kilos in weight. The little boy was sitting in a car seat facing the driving direction, when the car he was in collided with another vehicle, at a relatively low speed. As a result of the impact, the baby had fractures and wounds to the neck. Fortunately, he escaped with life, but he had to stay in hospital for several months.
Examples of good practice
In Sweden over one million children up to 4 years old travel with their backs to the direction of travel. So far, no serious accident has been registered in the event of a frontal collision.
The Swedish example inspired a whole world. European legislation today contains clear rules on child safety when traveling by car. Thus, all children under the age of 12 must be transported in car seats. For those between 12 and 16 years of age, it is necessary to use the seat belt and the car lift. Children over 16 years old can only travel with the seat belt on.
In Romania, the road code requires the use of specially approved car seats for children under 3 years and the seat belt for those between 3 and 12 years. Babies can sit in the special shell in the back, or even in the front, but only after the airbag has been deactivated.
The approved car seats are provided with an orange label that includes information regarding the weight group for which the car seat has been approved, the ECE.R44 / 04 standard, the batch number of the product and the country code in which the approval was made.
What do you think about the extended rear facing car seat? Do you use it?
Tags Car seat rear-facing Child car seat Child car seat With baby in car Car seat