The immune system reacts to all the factors it perceives as threatening. Its methods of defense of the body involve different reactions. As perspiration is a process by which the body regulates its temperature and fever is the way the body fights infections, allergic reactions are nothing more than the way the body rejects certain substances with potentially harmful effects.
They manifest themselves especially among children, especially since their immune system is not used in the first years of life with the environment and the substances in it. The most common allergies that children suffer from are seasonal ones, also known as fan fever or allergic rhinitis. They manifest themselves especially in spring, when the atmosphere is loaded with pollen and new substances.
Symptoms of spring allergies and their diagnosis
The first signs of spring allergy in children include:
- the sneeze;
- allergic conjunctivitis;
- nasal congestion or abundance of aqueous nasal secretions.
In the first phase, these reactions can be confused with those of the common colds, but unlike these, the allergies never manifest by increasing the body temperature and do not involve the development of infections.
They manifest themselves precisely this season because it is the period in which most allergens appear in the environment. Flower pollen is the main promoter of spring allergies, whether it's the flowers in the grass, the trees or the weeds.
Most occur in the spring, and some of them remain blooming during the summer, and in such cases the symptoms of allergies may be prolonged this season. Adults and children who are allergic to pollen can experience allergic reactions and many other particles in the environment.
The most common such particles that trigger allergies or worsen their symptoms are cigarette dust and smoke. Certain scented substances may also contribute to the generation or intensification of signs; these can be substances that laundry detergents, perfumes or even personal care products contain. Cigarette smoke is also harmful in such situations and should be avoided.
Allergies are diagnosed in specialized offices Allergists. The most common diagnostic method is the skin test. In this case, the substance that is supposed to cause allergy is applied directly to the clean skin, which is subsequently scratched with the help of a sterile syringe needle.
In case the skin is irritated, reddened and inflamed in the respective area, the substance is confirmed as the cause of the allergy. The skin test is not recommended for adults and children prone to anaphylactic shock, and for them the test method becomes the sampling of blood samples.
Although this is more painful and more invasive than the skin test, for some patients whose allergies are severe it is much safer.
Treating spring allergies in children
Antihistamines are the first drugs prescribed in the case of spring allergies, both in adults and in children. In addition, anti-inflammatory drugs are also often used to reduce inflammation caused by allergenic substances.
Nasal sprays and drops are prescribed for decongestion of the nasal mucosa, respectively for its cleaning and fluidization. In some cases, if allergies are manifested by redness and skin irritation, allergists and those specialized in dermatology and endocrinology may recommend substances that are applied locally, superficially, in the targeted areas; it is about creams or oils with soothing and anti-inflammatory effects.
When it comes to treating allergic conjunctivitis, false tears or eye drops can work wonders, especially if they are administered as the patient begins to avoid contact or exposure to the harmful substances that cause their allergy.
Recommendations for spring allergies
If your son or daughter suffers from spring allergies, it is very important to keep him away from all the factors that can trigger them. If it is about the pollen of certain flowers, you should isolate it as much as possible during the period when those flowers are blooming.
Avoiding parks and gardens can be a good idea, but you can protect it at home by keeping the windows closed in his room. In addition, it is very important not to expose it to other substances that can trigger allergic episodes, such as dust or cigarette smoke.
Make sure you inhale and wipe the dust more often in his room, to keep him away from other potential allergens. Avoid smoking in the house or letting your guests do this, because cigarette smoke can be harmful to allergies and make sure its hygiene is always correct, checking it for washing hands and face, changing clothes, use a personal towel.
Has your child been experiencing spring allergies? What recommendations do you have for moms in our community? We look forward to your tips in the comments section below!