Fertility tests and procedures

Fertility tests and procedures

Fertility tests and tests are performed especially by couples who try, but fail to conceive children. They are made with the role of detecting the underlying causes of infertility. Not only those with fertility problems have to go through such procedures. Doctors recommend that some of them be done before two partners try to conceive a baby, for added safety and to make sure that nothing will get in the way of having a baby. Here are some of the tests and procedures for fertility that are needed in women!

Smear test (Pap smear)

Cervical Pap smear is also called Pap smear, Pap smear, Pap smear or simply smear. The test involves taking tissue or cells from the cervix and analyzing them under a microscope in the laboratory. The purpose of the test is to detect potential precancerous or malignant cells (cervical cancer).


Colposcopy is an analysis that is recommended for the detection of cervical cancer, cervical dysplasia or HPV infection. Testing is done only at the doctor's recommendation. Doctors recommend it only after performing a Pap test and only if there are abnormal results, which require closer investigation.

The procedure is done with an instrument called colposcope, with which the doctor examines and observes if there is an abnormal aspect of the cervix. It is not an invasive procedure, and the colposcope is not inserted into the vagina.


It is a surgical procedure that has both a diagnostic and a therapeutic role. It is a minimally invasive measure. It is intended to explore more closely some abnormalities located at the abdominal and genital level (tumors, endometriosis, ectopic pregnancy, inflammatory pelvic disease), which could affect fertility.

In the same procedure, the doctor can diagnose, but also treat, the existing conditions. Laparoscopy involves making a small incision at the level of the abdominal wall, through which a laparoscope, a thin tube, illuminated at the end, is inserted.

Laparoscopy can remove the extrauterine pregnancy, remove the fluid from a cyst.

Cervical biopsy

Cervical biopsy or cervical biopsy, as it is called, as well as colposcopy, is recommended only if the doctor suspects problems or abnormalities following Pap test or gynecological examination. It involves collecting a sample of cervical tissue for the purpose of detecting cervical cancer or other existing problems.


Hysterosalpingography is a procedure designed to identify and treat conditions or fertility problems that women face. It involves the insertion of a cannula into the vagina, in order to inject a water-soluble contrast agent. Helps to clear exploration of the cervix, uterus and fallopian tubes and to detect any diseases - tumors, fibroids, scars of the peritoneal cavity, etc.

This radiological test is most often used to evaluate the permeability of the fallopian tubes.

Endometrial biopsy (endometrial)

The biopsy of the endometrium involves approximately the same steps as in the cervical one, except that the tissue is taken from the inner surface of the uterus and not from the cervix. It is performed with the purpose of detecting abnormalities that have appeared in the uterus, infections or other causes of infertility.

Tests for sexually transmitted diseases

Sexually transmitted diseases are infections caused by viruses, bacteria or other parasites and are a cause of female infertility. These appear as a result of unprotected sexual contact with an infected person.

Blood tests and Pap test are the most important tests that detect a lot of sexually transmitted diseases - syphilis, gonorrhea, HIV, etc.

Chlamydia is an infection that is detected by a separate secretion test. BTS tests will be among the first tests recommended by the doctor when you want to try to get pregnant.

What fertility tests did you do when trying to conceive the baby? Tell us your opinions in the comments section below!

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