Santa Nicolae is known in Transylvania and also known as San 'Nicoara. The distance of only six days that separates Sant Andreiul from San 'Nicoara favored a lively circulation of ritual motives and practices.
Sant Andreiu is placed in a dark time, surrounded by the evil spirits that become extremely violent in the "Night of the Owl". The power of the opposing forces begins to decline after midnight, at the rooster singing.
The world that seemed to be going down is saved, however, every year by San 'Nicoara, a mythological character imagined as a white bearded horse, riding on horse, whose main attribute was the watch of the port of heaven from the West, where the sun is trying to slip. in the midnight-night outfits.
Santa Nicolae is a personification, at the age of the elders, of the aging time that took over from the Christian Calendar the name and date of celebration of Saint Nicholas (December 6), a real character (bishop of Myra), defender of the right faith in Jesus.
In the Romanian traditions, Mos Nicolae has foreign attributions of his hierarchical status: he appears on a white horse, alludes to the first snow that falls in the beginning of winter, watches the Sun trying to sneak past him towards the midnight-night lands to leave the world without light and warmth, it is the mark of God beside the Impure, helps widows, orphans and poor girls to get married, is the master of waters and saves from drowning ships, defends soldiers during war, which is why he is invoked during battles.
On the nights of the great holidays, when the sky opens for a moment, people can see him standing at the King's Table at the right hand of God.
Santa Nicolae today, like Santa Claus, gives gifts to the little ones. But it is older than the tradition of punishing non-obedient children with the boredom left in their shoes on the night of December 5-6.
As a saint, Santa Nicolae was happier with punishment than with rewards. According to the Christian tradition, he punished those who deviated from the right faith by striking them with the rod over their hands.
Gifts from ice cream
December comes with the long-awaited children's holiday of St. Nicholas. How many of us did not wait anxiously for the morning of December 6th to see if Santa left something in the boots ready for the evening? This custom of the gifts brought by Mos Nicolae, settled more in the city.
It may be a loan from the Catholic countries, where Santa is the one who puts gifts in the specially prepared socks or stockings.
Santa Claus, as he is known today, with his reindeer and red coat and white beard, was invented at the beginning of the twentieth century by an American advertising company advertising the famous Coca Cola.
But the true Santa, the one in the tradition of the Church is Saint Nicholas. The children from Romania can happen that Mos Nicolae will bring a little one (for the naughty ones).
The role of guardian of the family, with which he was invested by the Orthodox religion St. Nicholas, gives him the right to intervene in this way in the education of children.
Santa's story begins with an old man named Saint Nicholas, the bishop of Myra. It is said that he possessed magical powers and died in 340 BC. and was buried in Myra. Later, in the eleventh century, religious soldiers in Italy took the saint's remains with them back to Italy.
They built a church in his memory, in Ari, a port city in southern Italy. Soon, Christian pilgrims from all over the world came to visit St. Nicholas Church. They took over the legend of Mos Nicolae in their native places.
Different traditions in each country
The legend has spread throughout the world and has taken on the characteristics of each country. In Europe, in the twelfth century, the day of Saint Nicholas became the day of charitable gifts and activities.
Germany, France and the Netherlands celebrate December 6 as a religious holiday and give gifts to children and the poor and help poor girls get married by giving them a dowry.
When the Dutch colonists traveled to America, they brought with them a bishop who wore a red suit and rode a white horse. The American image of the bishop will gradually evolve to that of an old cheerful spirid.
He has been described as a cheerful, old-fashioned Dutch old man from Washington Irving's comedy "The History of New York." The year 1823 continued the stories with Santa Nicolae with the publication of the poem "A Visit of Santa Nicolae" by Clement Moore.
Many countries have kept their own customs and traditions from Saint Nicholas. In some cultures, Saint Nicholas travels with a companion who helps him.
In Holland, the bishop is sailing on a ship arriving on December 6. He has a large book with him that tells how the Dutch children behaved during the year. The good ones are rewarded with gifts and the naughty ones are taken by his assistant, Black Peter.
In Germany, Saint Nicholas also travels with a companion, known as Knecht Ruprecht, Krampus or Pelzebock, who comes with a bag in the back and a wand in his hand. Naughty children are punished with a few nicks.
In Italy, La Befana is good fairy who dresses in black and brings gifts to children on January 6. In many Latin countries: Spain, Puerto Rico, Mexico and South America, the children are waiting for the three kings to bring them Christmas presents.
Do you think there can be holidays without stress? How do you not let the stress and agitation specific to the holidays affect your family's peace of mind? We talk about the importance of time spent with children and how we can truly enjoy the quiet of family holidays - Thursday, December 7, starting at 6:30 pm, at the Capitol Hotel, with Ioana Chicet-Macoveiciuc and Monica Reu.
Admission to the event is free and seats are limited. Reserve a place!
For more information about the event, visit / Time-nice-together.
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