What diseases affect female fertility?
When it comes to fertility, we often think that if we have time on our side, conceiving a child will not become a problem.
However, besides the age and compatibility of the partners, there are a lot of external factors that can influence the success of a couple to start a family.
"Although in many cases the onset of infertility may be the result of a multitude of variables such as unhealthy eating or stress, in others it is the effect of chronic diseases not detected and not treated in time. This happens more and more often because such conditions do not have visible symptoms , so that they are discovered in a more advanced stage, at the time of the appearance of the complications "declares dr. Ion Boleac, specialist Obstetric Gynecologist in the Gynera Fertility Center and PhD student in the field of fertility and assisted reproduction.
What are the most common diseases that can affect female fertility?
Contrary to the general opinion that infertility causes are mostly attributed to women, statistics repeatedly state that men and women are equally responsible for infertility problems in couples.
Pelvic inflammatory disease (BIP)
Acute condition, manifested by pelvic pain, fever or sub-fever, leukorrhea, urinary disorders, and more rarely, by bloating, transit disorders, nausea and vomiting, irregular vaginal bleeding. It is most often caused by sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) - infections with gonococcus, chlamydia, mycoplasma, or by diagnostic or therapeutic maneuvers that interest the uterus.
"Following the late diagnosis and the lack of treatment, residual BIP appears, characterized by pelvic pain and the uterine fallopian tubes (inside the trunk - atrophy and sclerosis areas, adherence of the tubular mucosa, and around the trunk - adherent with the path deformity), reaching - it is finally due to distal obstruction or lack of normal functioning of the fallopian tubes, with an increased frequency of ectopic pregnancies. Dr. Ion Boleac, Gynera Fertility Center medical specialist.
Of the sexually transmitted diseases, Chlamydia and Mycoplasma infections are more difficult to detect in the early stages, as they do not show symptoms than in 50% of cases.
Endocervicitis is a cervical infection that most often has no clear symptomatology and is caused by sexually transmitted diseases. In the absence of proper treatment, the risk of infertility or complications during pregnancy such as: premature births, ectopic pregnancy or spontaneous abortions is significantly increased.
Thyroid disorders, especially hypothyroidism, are another cause of female infertility. Ovulation is directly affected, so women with thyroid hormone deficiency have a much lower chance of becoming pregnant. Thyroid diseases involve dysfunction of thyroid hormones in the body, being necessary at all stages of conception: from fertility to pregnancy and then to birth. Menstrual cycle disorders and the direct effect on ovulation, as well as weight loss, are the basic premises that correlate with thyroid disorders and infertility.
Celiac disease can lead to infertility in both women and men. The disease is manifested by a deficient absorption of vitamins and minerals in the intestine, thus directly affecting the quality of the reproductive cells. Women affected by celiac disease may reach menopause faster than normal.
Endometriosis is a factor that affects fertility either by producing substances involved in immunity and intercellular communication that have a negative effect on the ovulation and fertilization process, either directly, mechanically, by forming adhesions and obstructing the uterine tubes or affecting the ovarian follicular reserve in the case endometriotic ovarian cysts.
Generally, the symptoms of endometriosis include pain during menstruation and during sexual contact, irregular menstrual bleeding or abdominal and lumbar pain.
Endocrine Disorders - Polycystic ovary syndrome is the most common endocrine disorder affecting young women, as well as one of the most common causes of female infertility. The disease is manifested by delayed or absent menstruation for long periods of time of the order of months, weight gain (due to metabolic syndrome), excessive hairiness or acne (due to the growth of androgen hormones. Polycystic ovary syndrome causes chronic lack of ovulation and thus infertility.
Premature ovarian failure
Premature ovarian failure occurs when the ovaries no longer release eggs before the age of 40. The condition can have both genetic causes, but it can also appear iatrogenic or as a result of the installation of autoimmune diseases. It manifests itself in different ways, from night sweats and difficulty concentrating, to decreased libido or irregular or absent menstruation.
The problems of infertility in the case of women can be accentuated by the psychological implications, which can be both a secondary cause and a direct effect of the woman's inability to conceive.
In the case of women who are having problems giving birth to a baby, physiological and psychological problems often turn into a vicious circle that will affect both partners! In these situations, the specialists of Gynera Fertility Center recommend that the treatment be supported by open communication and specialized counseling.
Dr. Ion Boleac,
Specialist in Obstetrics and Gynecology at Gynera Fertility Center and PhD student in the field of fertility and assisted reproduction.
Tags Fertility Fertility women Endometriosis Pelvic inflammatory disease Causes infertility