Measures to prevent congenital malformations in the fetus should be taken both before the baby is conceived and during pregnancy. It is true that not all malformations can be prevented, but it is often within your power to have a healthy pregnancy and increase the chances of giving birth to a perfectly healthy baby.
Here's what you can do to prevent birth defects during pregnancy!
Get folic acid every day!
Most congenital malformations start in the first trimester of pregnancy, especially in the first month after conception.
Doctors recommend the administration of folic acid supplements even before conception. But if you didn't know you were going to get pregnant or weren't planning your baby, don't delay taking this vitamin as soon as you find out you're pregnant.
Folic acid is also called vitamin B, and pregnant women need a daily dose of 400 mcg of folic acid as supplements. It helps prevent anomalies that especially affect the brain and spinal cord - anencephaly and spina bifida.
Give up alcohol and cigarettes quickly!
Continuing these vices during pregnancy raises a lot of risks and issues regarding pregnancy and health of the fetus.
You have to be aware that when you drink alcohol or smoke and you are pregnant, your baby does the same thing and is exposed to the same dangers to which you are exposed.
There is no amount and no certain type of alcohol in the pregnancy. The risk of the baby being born with a disorder in the spectrum of fetal alcoholism increases with each swallow.
The dangers of smoking during pregnancy include, besides premature birth, teratological effects such as cleft palatine cleft or "rabbit lip" (cleft lip), two extremely serious malformations. In addition, smoking increases the risk of death in the baby or baby after birth.
Go to your doctor regularly and do all your prenatal screening tests!
During the 9 months of pregnancy you will have to make very frequent trips to the doctor who deals with your pregnancy.
Among the special screening tests, which help in the early detection of congenital malformations in the fetus, there is the double test (first trimester, weeks 11-14), the triple test (first trimester, weeks 15-20) and another special test, called Dry Test (first or second trimester - weeks 10-13 or 16-20).
Avoid exposure to toxic substances during pregnancy!
Prolonged exposure to chemicals or toxic substances in pregnancy can increase the risk of congenital anomalies in the fetus.
The most harmful substances are found daily in the cleaning products for the house, in the maintenance and renovation of the house (attention to lead), in industrial factories, etc. Stay away from these products, and if you need to get in touch with them, wear gloves, masks and make sure the environment is constantly ventilated.
Do not take medicines without the doctor's advice!
Do not venture to take any medicine during pregnancy, just because you have heard that it is safe in such situations.
Many medications given without the doctor's advice pose serious risks regarding the occurrence of congenital malformations.
The list of medicines that have a high risk of teratogenic effects in pregnancy has not been finalized, so it is good to stay away from any type of medication within 9 months. If you need to take it, do so only at the doctor's safe recommendation.
Take care of your health!
Not only screening tests for the detection of congenital malformations are important in their effort to prevent them. Your health is essential for your baby!
Undiagnosed infections, uncontrolled diabetes or neglected hypertension can have a strong impact on the chances of teratogenic effects in the fetus.
Most infections in the body are "silent." It does not manifest its symptoms until it is too late. This is why it is important to have your tests regularly and to find out if you are suffering from any infection that could affect your baby's chances of being born healthy.
Pregnancy immunization is just as important, against the flu or other illnesses you are prone to when you are pregnant. If you did not get the vaccines on time or did not plan to do so before, consider this option. Talk to your doctor about essential vaccines to be given during pregnancy to protect your baby from anomalies.
Tags Congenital malformations fat Prenatal care Congenital disorders